Die für diesen Herbst sorgfältig geplante Machtübergabe an die „Fünfte Generation“ wird nun, wenn überhaupt, nur nach harten hektischen Wochen innerparteilicher Auseinandersetzungen ordentlich über die … According to this report, the fiscal Revenue amounted to RMB 29,498,933.58, and CCP organization' expenditures amounted to RMB 1,660,115.50, that is, 5.63% of fiscal revenue is used by the CCP for its own operation. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen ✓ Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer ✓, Übersetzung in beide Richtungen aktiviert. [193] CCP delegates were sent all over Europe to observe. Noch nicht registriert? [40] Chiang Kai-shek, Sun's assistant, was not actively anti-Communist at that time,[41] even though he hated the theory of class struggle and the CCP's seizure of power. [63] There is a largely separate group of professionalized military officers, serving under top CCP leadership largely through formal relationships within institutional channels. [112], The CCP views the world as organized into two opposing camps; socialist and capitalist. [87] As has been speculated, Xi Jinping may not retire from his top posts after serving for 10 years in 2022. USCC - China's Overseas United Front Work - Background and Implications for the United States.pdf 1,275 × 1,650, 39 pages; 1.13 MB Wang Guangya.jpg 194 … [76] In 1997, Deng's beliefs (Deng Xiaoping Theory), were embedded in the CCP constitution. [184] Over the years, the CCP has tried to persuade the Workers' Party of Korea (or WPK, North Korea's ruling party) to introduce economic reforms by showing them key economic infrastructure in China. [155], Vacancies in a Party Committee shall be filled by an alternate members according to the order of precedence, which is decided by the number of votes an alternate member got during his or hers election. [90] Before the "Practice Is the Sole Criterion for the Truth [zh]" campaign, the relationship between ideology and decision-making was a deductive one, meaning that policy-making was derived from ideological knowledge. Sie sagte an ihre…, From "define: gerrymander" in Google: To divide a county or nation into representative distr…, wie uebersetzt man Parteiungen, bitte? Die sollte er nutzen, um vier Gefahren zu bannen. "[122], The Multi-Party Cooperation and Political Consultation System is led by the CCP in cooperation and consultation with the eight parties which make up the United Front. [159] To become a probationary member, the applicant must take an admission oath before the party flag. The CCP headed the Central People's Government. [149] The theoretical magazines Seeking Truth from Facts and Study Times are published by the Central Party School. [62] From this time through the 1980s, top leaders of the CCP (like Mao Zedong, Lin Biao, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping) were largely the same military leaders prior to the PRC's founding. [55], The Second Sino-Japanese War caused a pause in the conflict between the CCP and the KMT. Commentators have described the campaign as a defining part of Xi's leadership as well as "the principal reason why he has been able to consolidate his power so quickly and effectively. [77] Deng Xiaoping Theory can be defined as a belief that state socialism and state planning is not by definition communist, and that market mechanisms are class neutral. [193] Despite this, the CCP reached an agreement in 2013 with the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which was founded by Chávez, for the CCP to educate PSUV cadres in political and social fields. [153] Modeled after the Soviet Nomenklatura system, the party committee's organization department at each level has the power to recruit, train, monitor, appoint, and relocate these officials. [182] Communication between the CCP and the PCC has increased considerably since the 1990s, hardly a month going by without a diplomatic exchange. [154], Party committees exist at the level of provinces, cities, counties, and neighborhoods. [159] Probationary members have duties similar to those of full members, with the exception that they may not vote in party elections nor stand for election. [91], Marxism–Leninism was the first official ideology of the Communist Party of China. [193] The CCP has occasionally expressed some irritation over Hugo Chávez's anti-capitalist and anti-American rhetoric. [123] The CCP's relationship with other parties is based on the principle of "long-term coexistence and mutual supervision, treating each other with full sincerity and sharing weal or woe. [198], On 24 July 2020 the CCP expelled an outspoken and influential property tycoon, Ren Zhiqiang, who denounced CCP general secretary Xi. Deutsche Kommunistische Partei : Deutsch - Englisch Übersetzungen und Synonyme (BEOLINGUS Online-Wörterbuch, TU Chemnitz) Ein Service der TU Chemnitz unterstützt von IBS und MIOTU/Mio2 . 1: 388 cm in length and 192 cm in width; no. [151] The State Council and the Supreme Court each has a party core group (党组), established since November 1949. [77] The concepts of "socialism with Chinese characteristics" and "the primary stage of socialism" were credited to the theory. This is the only system that can give full expression to democracy with full powers vested in the people's congresses at all levels and, at the same time, guarantee centralized administration with the governments at each level exercising centralized management of all the affairs entrusted to them by the people's congresses at the corresponding level and safeguarding whatever is essential to the democratic life of the people". ", "Informal Institutions in Autocracies: Analytical Perspectives and the Case of the Chinese Communist Party", Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China, Organizational structure of the Communist Party of China, People's Political Consultative Conference, Democratic National Construction Association (CDNCA), Association for Promoting Democracy (CAPD), Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party (CPWDP), Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League (TDSGL), Warlord Rebellion in northeastern Shandong, 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972, Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States, American espionage in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation, People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_Communist_Party&oldid=995672326, Political parties in the Republic of China, Wikipedia pages semi-protected due to dispute, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Mongolian-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [164] The organizational structure of CYL is an exact copy of the CCP's; the highest body is the National Congress, followed by the Central Committee [zh], Politburo and the Politburo Standing Committee. [45] On April 12 to 15, Chiang massacred 300 (5,000 disappeared) with the aid of the Green Gang. [64] Then the Constitution of the PRC in 1954 changed the previous coalition government and established the CCP’s sole ruling system. [52][53][54], The near-destruction of the CCP's urban organizational apparatus led to institutional changes within the party. [188] Other differences are, according to the CCP, "that it is not a political party based on the working class—instead it is a political party of the elite. While the CCP still maintains party-to-party relations with non-ruling communist parties around the world, since the 1980s it has established relations with several non-communist parties, most notably with ruling parties of one-party states (whatever their ideology), dominant parties in democracies (whatever their ideology) and social democratic parties. He went missing in March after criticizing Xi, and later his case was passed to the judiciary system for criminal investigation. [97], Deng Xiaoping Theory was added to the party constitution at the 14th National Congress. "[84] Foreign commentators have likened him to Mao. He believed that the KMT serves all the Chinese, and KMT members should not be divided into left or right. [128] In between congresses the CCDI is under the authority of the Central Committee. [200], On 21 October 2020, the Subcommittee on International Human Rights (SDIR) of the Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development condemned the persecution of Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang by the Government of China and concluded that the Chinese Communist Party's actions amount to genocide of the Uyghurs per the Genocide Convention. [129] According to the party constitution, the general secretary must be a member of the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), and is responsible for convening meetings of the PSC and the Politburo, while also presiding over the work of the Secretariat. Um eine neue Diskussion zu starten, müssen Sie angemeldet sein. [72] Deng won the struggle, and became the "paramount leader" in 1978. [182] Fidel Castro, the former First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), is greatly admired, and books have been written focusing on the successes of the Cuban Revolution. ed., FLP, Beijing, 2013, Vol. "[188] While the CCP accepts that Singapore is a liberal democracy, they view it as a guided democracy led by the PAP. National Congress of The Communist Party of China (CPC)", "Building a Socialism with a specifically Chinese character", Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, "Hu Jintao, Xi Jinping meet delegates to 18th CCP National Congress", "Stop Calling China's Xi Jinping 'President,' U.S. Panel Says", "Xi Jinping's Anti-Corruption Campaign: The Hidden Motives of a Modern-Day Mao - Foreign Policy Research Institute", "The Rise and Rise of Xi Jinping: Xi who must be obeyed", "Xi Jinping becomes most powerful leader since Mao with China's change to constitution", "Full text of Hu Jintao's report at 18th Party Congress", "CPC creates Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era", "Marketization the key to economic system reform", "Xi Touts Communist Party as Defender of Confucius's Virtues", "Democratic Centralism: The Core Mechanism in China's Political System", "Accused Chinese Party Members Face Harsh Discipline", "IV. Sie scheinen einen AdBlocker zu verwenden. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer Und China ist auch nicht als Demokratie verkleidet. The System of Multi-Party Cooperation and Political Consultation", "General Secretary of CPC Central Committee", "Chinese power play: Xi Jinping creates a national security council", "Communist Party mouthpiece People's Daily launches English news app in soft power push", "Constitution of the Communist Party of China", "China's Communist Party worries about its grassroots weakness", "Membership in the Communist Party of China: Who is Being Admitted and How? [97] According to Robert Lawrence Kuhn, a China analyst, "When I first heard this rationale, I thought it more comic than clever—a wry caricature of hack propagandists leaked by intellectual cynics. [120] This has been the guiding organizational principle of the party since the 5th National Congress, held in 1927. In the end, the fight for Shanghai detonated the bleed. [159] According to the CCP constitution, a member, in short, must follow orders, be disciplined, uphold unity, serve the Party and the people, and promote the socialist way of life. The two countries' friendship has withstood the test of a changeable international situation, and the friendship has been further strengthened and consolidated. In "Maos langer Schatten" beschreibt der China-Forscher Daniel Leese eindrucksvoll, wie die Kommunistische Partei nach Maos Tod mühsam um die Aufarbeitung seiner Verbrechen stritt. "[179], The CCP has retained close relations with the remaining socialist states still espousing communism: Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam and their respective ruling parties as well as North Korea and its ruling party, which officially abandoned communism in 2009. This value is similar to the social security and employment expenditure of the whole town—RMB 1,683,064.90. The CCP leads eight other legally permitted subordinate minor parties together as the United Front. [74] Jiang Zemin supported Deng's thinking, and stated in a party gathering that it did not matter if a certain mechanism was capitalist or socialist, because the only thing that mattered was whether it worked. ... Verurteilung des Kommunismus, das Verbot kommunistischer Symbole und verbot die Nachkommen der Lenin-Stalin-Kommunistische Partei der Republik Moldau. The KMT soon unified southern China through war from 1926 to 1927. Nur durch eigenen Machterhalt und gesellschaftliche Geschlossenheit glaubt die alleinregierende kommunistische Partei, China in eine glänzendere Zukunft führen zu können. Kommuniqués [58] In 1939 the KMT began to restrict CCP expansion within China. [49] That May, thousands of communists and their sympathizers were killed by nationalists, with the CCP losing approximately 50,000 members (many quited party). [29] While it was originally held in a house in the Shanghai French Concession, French police interrupted the meeting on 30 July[30] and the congress was moved to a tourist boat on South Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang province. [136] The general secretary has, since Jiang Zemin, also served as Chairman of the CMC. [63][88], —Jiexiong Yi, a senior Marxist researcher at Beijing University and the Central Party School. Kurzanleitung zum persönlichen Bereich (Mein LEO), Die erste Partei SIND die Fuballer... bzw. [123] Despite all this, the CPPCC is a body without any real power. CCP members grew tremendously after the 4th congress, from 900 to 2,428 in year 1925, because Voitinsky changed their strategy. [55] The Comintern became involved, and by late 1930, his powers had been taken away. [155][156] These committees play a key role in directing local policy by selecting local leaders and assigning critical tasks. Frank Pieke, The Good Communist: Elite Training and State Building in Today’s China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009). The Communist Party of Germany (German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in the Weimar Republic between 1918 and 1933, an underground resistance movement in Nazi Germany, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956. [23] The party's leader recently holds the offices of General Secretary (responsible for civilian party duties), Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) (responsible for military affairs) and State President (a largely ceremonial position). "[155] At the beginning of its history, the CCP did not have a single official standard for the flag, but instead allowed individual party committees to copy the flag of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. [55] At every level of the party this was duplicated, with standing committees now in effective control. Sie steht über den Gesetzen. Mao claimed that the superiority of democratic centralism lay in its internal contradictions, between democracy and centralism, and freedom and discipline. Data for the proportion of total CCP organizations’ expenditures in total China fiscal revenue is unavailable. prohibit entirely, to put the lock on all development of private, non-state exchange, i.e., trade, i.e., capitalism, which is inevitable with millions of small producers ... such a policy would be foolish and suicidal for the party that tried to apply it. The Communist Party of China (CPC;[21] simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng), commonly known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP),[22] is the founding and sole governing political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). [201][202][203][204], Communist Party /  People's Republic of China ( Red Army → 8th Route Army, N4A, etc. [161] Another group, the "Managing, professional and technical staff in enterprises and public institutions", made up 12.5 million, 9 million identified as working in administrative staff and 7.4 million described themselves as party cadres. [192] While the CCP was slow to recognize the pink tide in Latin America, it has strengthened party-to-party relations with several socialist and anti-American political parties over the years. Mit der Machtergreifung durch die Kommunistische Partei Chinas und der Gründung der Volksrepublik China wurde auch eine neue Flagge eingeführt. Ihr Schwerpunkt liegt auf Persönlichkeiten, die in der Volksrepublik China als Vorbilder gelten, d. h. einen erzieherischen Vorbildcharakter für Soldaten, Arbeiter, Jugendliche und Kinder haben sollen. Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch - leo.org: Startseite, SUCHWORT - LEO: Übersetzung im Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. [79] Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin's successor as General Secretary, took office in 2002. [192] Of special fascination for the CCP is the 71-year-long rule of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in Mexico. This formally independent internal control institution conducts shuanggui on members accused of "disciplinary violations", a charge which generally refers to political corruption. [120], Shuanggui is an intra-party disciplinary process conducted by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). [155] Members enjoy the privilege of attending Party meetings, reading relevant Party documents, receiving Party education, participating in Party discussions through the Party's newspapers and journals, making suggestions and proposal, making "well-grounded criticism of any Party organization or member at Party meetings" (even of the central party leadership), voting and standing for election, and of opposing and criticizing Party resolutions ("provided that they resolutely carry out the resolution or policy while it is in force"); and they have the ability "to put forward any request, appeal, or complaint to higher Party organizations, even up to the Central Committee, and ask the organizations concerned for a responsible reply. [55] The conflict with the KMT led to the reorganization of the Red Army, with power now centralized in the leadership through the creation of CCP political departments charged with supervising the army.